Jharkhand is a relatively new state in Eastern India. Created from part of Bihar in the year 2000 it is a state rich in mineral deposits. The economy of the state is based mainly on the mineral deposits some of which include copper, iron, uranium, gold, silver, bauxite, manganese and limestone. The state is also home to two major steel plants which contribute greatly to the Indian economy.
Aside from industry the area also makes some economy from agriculture. Most of the tribal communities in Jharkhand are employed in the agriculture trade with notable crops including maize, wheat, rice and pulses. Although a number of people are employed in this trade and the productions are plenty, the people in the area are still dreadfully poor and undernourished especially when compared to other states in India. Some economy is also gained through the tourism market due to a number of religious places of significance in the state. The Jharkhand government has realized however that they need to improve infrastructure in the area in order to see a continued growth of tourism. The economy has grown relatively slowly in recent years but the state government is now seeking solutions to improve the area.
The culture in Jharkhand would not be complete without the astounding festivals that the state celebrates on a yearly basis. Festivals including Karma, Sarhul, Sohrai, Holi and even Christmas are celebrated in the state with so much enthusiasm that it is impossible not to be amazed. Dance and folk music are a large part of not only festivals, but also everyday life. Simple tribal dances are mixed together with dances about the difficulty of life and social problems to create some vibrant and eclectic mixes. A number of Indian musicians have also come from Jharkhand.
The cuisine in Jharkhand is definitely worth a mention. Due to the wide Buddhist influence the cuisine is largely vegetarian, with the staple foods being either potatoes or rice. Mustard oil is a common occurrence in Jharkhand cuisine and this is usually blended together with whatever vegetables are in season at the time. Cooking methods tend to vary throughout the region although fried food has gained in popularity in recent years. Popular dishes include Aloo Choka and Til Barfi.