Delhi airport is first for its business in flight landing and second for passenger traffic. It is named after the former Prime Minister of India and that is Indira Gandhi International Airport. The airport is a primary civilian aviation center for the National Capital Region of India. In May 2008, AAI has passed the management to the joint venture of Delhi International Airport Limited (DIAL) and led by GMR Group, before that it was under Indian Air force and part of Palam Airport. And the present management has the responsibility to expand and modernize the airport.
It is expected that the Indira Gandhi International Airport would handle 100 million passengers by 2030 while a report says that in 2007 it is 23 million only. The expansion program expect that before 2010 Commonwealth Games the new terminal 3 building will be completed which will accommodate 37 million more passengers than now though the terminal building will cost US$1.94 billion. And Asia’s longest runway is inaugurated in September 2008 in Indira Gandhi International Airport. The length of this runway is 4.43 km..
The past of this airport says that it was used as an Air Force Station at the time of Second World Warand known as Palam Airport. In 1962 for traffic in Safdargunj airport passenger operation is shifted to Palam Airport and at that time Palam Airport has the ability to accommodate 1300 passenger in peak hour.
The Airport of Delhi is under construction for over 35 years and the construction contract is given to Fraport, Airports Authority of India, Eraman Malaysia, and GMR Infrastructure. And in this construction process terminal building 1A and 2 is renovated with new washrooms, ceilings, departure areas and the latest security equipment.
Several accidents take place in the IGI airport. Within these some important are described below. On 12 November 1996 a Saudi-Arabia Airlines Boeing 747 collided with an incoming Air Kazakhstan plane chartered by a fashion company. And it caused the death of all passengers of the two planes. Again on December 24, 1999 an Indian Airlines Flight 814, which had the destination at IGI Airport, was hijacked just after the moment of taking off from Kathmandu, Nepal. One of the passengers of this plane is killed and some were released whereas all are freed on 31 December 1999.
Almost 100 domestic, international, and cargo airlines’ service center is the IGI Airport. Some Indian air carriers including Kingfisher Airlines, GoAir, Deccan and Jet Lite use this airport as their major base. And for several Indian airlines including Indian Airlines, SpiceJet, Air India Regional and IndiGo Airlines IGI Airport is the final destination whereas Air India and Jet Airways use IGI Airport as their second center after Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai.