Arunachal Pradesh is a state located in the north east of India. Much of the pre modern history of the state is unknown or is shrouded in history although it is believed by many that the principal descendants of many of the indigenous tribal groups came from the area around three thousand years ago. The earliest written findings about the state were in legends, although since place names cannot be confirmed this is also rather speculative.
The first documented evidence that could be confirmed of the area was in the sixteenth century when the Ahom Kings influenced the region. At the time the population was made up of people of mainly Tibetan and Burmese origins and there were a number of tribes in the area who were influenced.
Due to the areas closeness to Tibet (only separated by the Himalayas), British administrator Henry McMahon depicted the McMahon line in 1914 to establish an official border between Tibet and the British part of India. The Tibetan and the Indian governments at the discussion agreed to the McMahon Line and were happy with the land borders but as the Chinese government declined to sign due to outside pressures the line was made invalid.
This issue continued to cause problems, especially when India came to be independent from the United Kingdom and the People’s Republic of China was created towards the end of the 1940s. In the 1950s India decided to declare the McMahon Line the official boundary and immediately forced the Tibetan government out of the area. This issue continued until the war in 1962 between India and China. China were victorious but the end result was a termination in trade between Tibet and other countries worldwide.
In recent times the area of Arunachal Pradesh has had to face a number of problems with insurgents around the border. The most notable insurgent group is the Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland (the NSCN) who are alleged to have base camps in the bordering districts. Reports have detailed this group taking protection money from the local people and harassing them to pay. In 1986 Arunachal Pradesh officially became a state of India.