The label Chhattisgarh is not ancient and has come into popular usage in the last few centuries. In primeval ages the territory was called Dakshin Kosala. Entire inscription, literary works and the accounts of foreign travelers, call this area Kosala of Dakshin Kosala. According to Hari Thakur, the contest between Jabalpur and Chhattisgarh for the name Mahakosala is appeased beyond doubt in favour of Chhattisgarh in the light of possible evidence. Ceaseless all along the control of the Mughals, it was named Ratanpur territory and not Chhattisgarh. The word Chhattisgarh was popularized till the Maratha generation and was first used in an official document in 1795.
Chhattisgarh has been enumerated with foreigners from nearby locations, that is now constitute a major part of the citizen. From the very beginning of Magadha Empire, Chhattisgarh stayed divided of every acre that dominate the area from north and even the south, although their reigning was only political.
The English discovered the mineral wealth of the region and established a vast network of mines and railway track throughout the region, which acknowledged the beginning of a new phase in the tribal history of Chhattisgarh. Now, the state is a heterogeneous mix of races from all over the country functioning together to create a prosperous Chhattisgarh.
As the area was extremely inaccessible, not much confrontation could be made in the lifestyle of the tribes. Kalchuris were the original rulers who ruled directly over this region till 19th century. Following the fall of Kalchuris, it was time for the Bhonsles of Nagpur to control over this region for a brief period in the 19th century. However with the bypass of the Marathas, there prevailed total lawlessness throughout the region and many tribal chieftains established rule over small tracts of land.
The initial institutional also governmental initiative for the formation of Chhattisgarh was acquired by the Congress Government of the region, in 1994. Both the Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) acted unified and constructive efforts for the assembly of a separate state.
After independence, in 1955, the constraint for a separate state cycled in the Nagpur Assembly but it did not emerge. At last, on 1st November 2000, Chhattisgarh was constituted as the 26th state of India.